February 24, 2010

Scopes Trial

Scopes Trial

 Scopes Trial
The Scopes Monkey Trial (Hardcover)

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After the passage of the Butler Act, which made it unlawful for a state-funded school in Tennessee to teach that humans evolved from lower organisms, 24-year-old high school teacher John Scopes intentionally violated the law. Arrested and charged on May 5, 1925, Scopes became the centerpiece in a trial that pitted two of the finest legal minds of the time against one another. Prosecutor William Jennings Bryan's participation in the trial served as the capstone to his prior unsuccessful advocacy to cut off funds to schools that taught evolution. Prominent trial attorney Clarence Darrow, an agnostic,€spoke for the defense. This case, which was the first to be broadcast via radio, was a critical turning point in the creation vs. evolution controversy that continues today. The Scopes Monkey Trial has since been fictionalized in a play, a film, and three television films, all called Inherit the Wind. The Scopes Monkey Trial: Debate over Evolution explains how this pivotal court case shaped the way evolution and creationism are approached in classrooms.

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Scopes Trial Cartoon, 1925

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Scopes Trial Cartoon, 1925 - Art Print
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The Scopes Monkey Trial

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After the passage of the Butler Act, 24-year-old high school teacher John Scopes intentionally violated the law. Arrested and charged on May 5, 1925, Scopes became the centerpiece in the trial of this case. This title explains how this pivotal court case shaped the way evolution and creationism is approached in classrooms.
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Scopes Trial Cartoon, 1925

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Scopes Trial Cartoon, 1925 Art Print by . Product size approximately 18 x 24 inches. Available at Art.com. Embrace your Space - your source for high quality fine art posters and prints.
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The Scopes Trial: A Photographic History (Paperback)

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It was a big story in a small place. During the summer of 1925, the tiny hamlet of Dayton, Tennessee, became the setting for one of the most controversial trials in American history. In a move designed partly as a publicity scheme and partly as a means to test a newly enacted anti-evolution law, a young teacher named John Thomas Scopes agreed to be arrested for teaching Darwin’s theory of natural selection in the public schools. The resulting courtroom showdown pitted Clarence Darrow, the brilliant trial lawyer and self-proclaimed agnostic, against Williams Jennings Bryan, three-time presidential candidate and fundamentalist Christian. For twelve days all eyes focused on Dayton as a spirited public debate unfolded.

Published on the seventy-fifth anniversary of the Scopes trial, this book vividly recalls that famous episode through an array of fascinating archival photographs, many of them never before published. Images of the circus-like atmosphere that overtook Dayton during the trial alternate with candid photos of the key players. The accompanying text and captions summarize the events and clarify the underlying issues of the trial. While the legal consequences of the trial were minuscule—it ended in Scopes’s conviction, which was later overturned on a technicality—its symbolic importance was enormous, defining the science-religion debate in the twentieth century.

In addition to revisiting the Scopes trial, the book also examines its continuing legacy in Tennessee history, politics, religion, and education. Although the 1925 law was finally repealed in 1967, state legislators have made subsequent efforts to challenge the teaching of evolution. “Like life itself,” notes Edward Caudill in his introduction, “the controversy does not simply stop, but keeps evolving.”

The Contributors: Edward Caudill is associate dean for graduate studies and research in the College of Communications at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. He is the aut...
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Monkey Town: The Summer of the Scopes Trial (Paperback)

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Fifteen year-old Frances discovers she's in love with John T. Scopes, just as her father spearheads the 20th century's most infamous trial against him.
 Scopes Trial
Scopes Trial: A Brief History With Documents (Paperback)

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The Scopes trial shocked America. Tennessee schoolteacher John Scopes brought the question of teaching evolution in schools to every dinner table, and it remains an essential topic in any course on American History, the History of Education, and Religious History. This volume’s lively interpretative introduction provides an analysis of the trial and its impact on the moral fiber of the country and the educational system, and examines the race and gender issues that shook out of the debate. The editor has excerpted the crucial exchanges from the trial transcript itself, and includes these along with reactions to the trial, taken from newspaper reports, letters, and magazine articles. Telling political cartoons and evocative photographs add a colorful dimension to this collection, while a chronology of events, questions for consideration, and a bibliography provide strong pedagogical support.
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Scientists and Lawyers Who Rallied for the Defense of Evolution at the Scopes Trial, 1925

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Scientists and Lawyers Who Rallied for the Defense of Evolution at the Scopes Trial, 1925 - Premium Poster
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Scientists and Lawyers Who Rallied for the Defense of Evolution at the Scopes Trial, 1925

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Scientists and Lawyers Who Rallied for the Defense of Evolution at the Scopes Trial, 1925 Premium Poster by . Product size approximately 18 x 24 inches. Available at Art.com. Embrace your Space - your source for high quality fine art posters and prints.
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Trial and Error

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The debate over teaching evolution in the public schools is one of the most emotionally charged controversies in twentieth-century America. This edition which ranges from before the Scopes trial of 1925 to the creationism disputes of the 1980's - offers an account of the educational and legal battles erupting from this persistent belief.

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Scopes Trial
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Was the Scopes Trial an attempt to change the law, or a test to see if it could be defied?

In other words, did people really care about educating students on the theory of evolution, or did they just want to see the court fail?

It was an attempt to TEST the law, specifically the Butler Act..........

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butler_Act

What most people have lost sight of after 84 years is that the Scopes Monkey Trial was nothing more than a publicity stunt. John Scopes, the teacher, for lack of a better term, was ‘recruited’ to be the defendant in the case. There was no ‘Salem Witch-Hunt’ in Dayton with preachers trolling the hallways of Dayton’s schools hunting for teachers who were violating Tennessee’s prohibition on teaching evolution.

“The whole idea of suing a teacher for teaching evolution was not conceived by the citizens of Dayton, Tennessee, but rather was promoted by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) in New York City. The ACLU advertised in newspapers to locate a teacher in Tennessee who would be willing to test the Butler Act in the courts (with all expenses to be paid by the ACLU). A Dayton resident, George Rappleyea, saw an ACLU advertisement in a Chattanooga newspaper and pressured his friend John Scopes to accept the offer. Unfortunately, Scopes was not a science teacher (he majored in prelaw) and had never actually taught evolution! Scopes was a math teacher and football coach who had merely filled in for the biology teacher (who was ill) for two weeks at the end of the school year. Still, with Scopes' reluctant permission, Rappleyea immediately notified the ACLU that "Professor J.T. Scopes, teacher of science at Rhea County High School, will be arrested and charged with teaching evolution."

It was a jury trial and Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution theories in violation of Tennessee law. That was all he was on trial for.

One of the country's greatest orators, William Jennings Bryan, was the prosecuting attorney who is best remembered for his 'Cross of Gold' speech. Scopes’ attorney was the famous Clarence Darrow.

The City Fathers of Dayton welcomed the trial. It put Dayton on the map in 1925 and stimulated its economy. There was a circus-like atmosphere in the town during the trial.

Darrow, Darwin & Dayton

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